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Food molds made from silicone rubber retain their great flexibility not only at temperatures down to -40 °C (ice-cube trays) but also above 200 °C (cake molds)
AEROXIDE® fumed titanium dioxide plays an important role as an active reinforcing component in food molds made of silicone rubber, such as ice-cube trays or cake molds. Excellent thermal properties such as low temperature flexibility and heat resistance are obtained by the use of AEROXIDE® products.
Silicone rubber ice-cube trays retain their flexibility even at temperatures as low as -40 °C, making it very easy to remove the ice cubes from the tray without damaging it. Cake molds of silicone rubber, on the other hand, are heat-resistant up to 280 °C, non-slip and completely dishwasher safe. No non-stick coating or greasing of the cake mold is necessary because the cake mixture does not adhere to the elastic silicone mold. And the silicone material results in energy savings of 10 to 20 percent. Food molds can be made from solid or liquid silicones, which may be ready-to-use HTV or LSR silicone rubber. These are one-component or two-component systems of a highly viscous or free-flowing consistency, which are fully cured to an elastic silicone rubber under the action of specially tailored cross linker-catalyst systems at processing temperatures above 100 °C.
AEROSIL® fumed silica imparts the necessary rheological, mechanical and optical properties to the silicone rubber. Evonik offers two special oxides for silicone rubber, AEROXIDE® TiO2 P 25 and AEROXIDE® TiO2 PF 2, as heat stabilizers for high-temperature applications.
Silicone systems such as silicone sealants with AEROSIL® fumed silica as active component are now indispensable also in automotive construction. Whether in the engine, the drive system, the cooling system, the electronics or the body, silicones, with their exceptional and highly specific properties, have already overtaken more conventional materials. For sealing engine segments, for example, RTV one-component silicone rubber is particularly suitable because they retain their elasticity even on long-term exposure to temperatures of up to 250°C. The FIPG (formed in place gasket) process is often used here, in which the silicone rubber is applied from a dosing head that traces the computer-programmed contour of the product part to be sealed, in the manner of a template. RTV one-component systems are ready-to-use single-component systems of a free-flowing or soft paste consistency that are fully cured to an elastic silicone rubber under the effect of atmospheric humidity at room temperature. AEROSIL® fumed silica lends the silicone rubber the necessary rheological and mechanical properties.
Industry Information 2247: Materials for the Silicone Rubber Industry
Technical Information 1148: AEROSIL® R 104 and AEROSIL® R 106 for silicone rubber applications
Technical Information 1209: AEROSIL® R 8200 for Silicone Rubber
Technical Information 1253: AEROSIL® and AEROXIDE® for Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR/LIMS)
Technical Information 1374: Products for 1-component RTV silicone sealant compounds
Product- as well as safety data sheets (SDS) of our various AEROSIL® fumed silica grades, can be found at our product recommendationsmore